Types of Acne and Home Treatment Methods

Majority of people have had to deal with acne at a time in their life. I remember the breakouts I had during my teen years. Although not physically painful, they caused psychological pain as many of my colleagues avoided me like a plague. Apparently they thought that they could get breakouts by touching me. But that’s some years back and luckily I haven’t had recurrent breakouts.

Unfortunately, the case isn’t the same for one of my friends. Apparently, she has oily skin and is prone to breakouts now and then. She has managed to keep them under control but the zits seem adamant to make her skin their home. I’ll look at the different types of acne and effective home remedies for each.

Acne develops when sebum and dead skin cells accumulate in skin pores blocking them. This provides a perfect environment for acne causing bacteria to thrive and multiply. There are two broad categories of acne, non-inflammatory and inflammatory.

Non-inflammatory acne

White heads are one type of non inflammatory acne that forms when sebum, dead skin cells and bacteria clog the hair follicle. They aren’t painful and are usually invisible to the naked eye.

Blackheads form in a similar way as white heads. The main difference is that the skin at the spot where the acne forms breaks leaving the sebum exposed. Oxidation takes place leaving tiny black spots on the skins surface.

Some of the effective home remedies for non inflammatory acne include the following. Baking soda has exfoliant, anti inflammatory and antiseptic properties. Applied on acne, it helps open up the pores and kill bacteria. It also helps regulate the skin’s pH thus promote normal sebum production.

Lemon juice has exfoliating propertied which help clear clogged pores. Mixed with honey, it promotes fast healing of acne. Care should be taken using lemon juice as its acidic properties can cause the skin to dry out.

Salicylic acid peel is another effective acne treatment method. It works for both non inflammatory and inflammatory acne. The peel contains exfoliant properties which open up clogged skin pores. It also contains oils which help prevent clumping of dead skin cells as well as maintain a balance in sebum production.

Inflammatory acne

Inflammatory acne develops when non inflammatory acne fails to heal and instead causes rupture of the follicle walls spilling sebum and bacteria into the skin. The result is inflammation which one of the body’s defense mechanisms.

Papules form when the follicular walls rupture spilling bacteria and sebum into the skin. Several days without treatment results in the development of pustules which have a whitish spot at the center.

If pustules aren’t treated, they can burst resulting in cystic acne. Severe inflammation and pus filled lesions are the common symptoms. The pustule might not burst but rather cause collapse of the follicle walls deep in the skins surface. This causes nodular acne.

Some of the home remedies for treating inflammatory acne include the following. Aloe vera sap contains antiseptic, anti inflammatory and is rich in nutrients. Applied on the affected area, it will help reduce inflammation and kill bacteria. Aloe vera also helps restore the skins pH and promote normal sebum production.