Published June 28th, 2013 by

kids art

Children go through different stages in their life. As they grow, they grow into unique beings. An important stage in their life is when they use art to express themselves. Whether it’s using a piece of chalk to doodle on the wall or splashing paint on a surface, this is an expression of the child’s artistic side. Every child goes through this stage. Most parents encourage their kids to express this artistic side and, this is recommended. Art has many benefits for children and it includes the following.

Expression of inner feelings

Interestingly, children learn to express their inner complex feelings through art earlier than through speech. They will want to express their emotional feelings physically. Art is a great way for a child to relay their feeling to their parents.

For example, a child will draw a simple picture of the family holding hands in a meadow to express a feeling of love within the family. The child can also draw an airplane even if he has never been on one as a recollection of a plane he had seen in the past. For the parent, this is one of the easy ways of understanding what the child is feeling at that particular moment.

Development of motor skills

Artistic expression is one of the best ways for a child to develop their motor skills. A child will initially doodle and scribble when their motor skills aren’t well developed. As he continues to challenge his artistic skills, there is a gradual change towards finer and more recognizable pictures.

Development of social skills

Children will usually create a piece of art and display it to others for approval. If you put two children together for art sessions, it’s very likely that they will share their work and, acknowledge each other. It’s also likely that they will want you to take a look at their work and provide your verdict.

The two children will also likely cooperate when working on their art. Each will take their turn working with a specific tool or color before allowing his partner to use it.

Development of self confidence

As a child moves from one stage of their artistic finesse to another a sense of self confidence develops. The child knows that their hard work is paying off and, will want to develop the skill further. Such self confidence will come in handy in the future at school when making new friends and working on challenging tasks.

Identification of talent

Talents are best identified when someone is young. Children who love the arts are identified when they are young. As a person grows, he or she will show a passion for something. If a child loves the arts, they tend to favor these over other talents such as sports. Nurturing this talent is an essential responsibility of the parent.

Problem solving skills

Art helps children develop their problem solving skills. The child is actually trying to solve a problem when creating a piece of art which is in their mind in abstract form and translating it into a picture on paper in the concrete form.

Published February 10th, 2015 by

I have had a number of friends ask me questions about Lionhead rabbits. Some just want to know more about the bunny as a pet option while others actually are planning to acquire Lionheads. One friend in particular came to me seeking to know more about the things she has to know and do before buying a Lionhead. I thought it weird since I knew that she owned a Lionhead already. However, she informed me that her Lionhead had died. Bobby as we fondly called him was just over one year old.

The vet confirmed that this once playful cuddly fellow had a defective gene that resulted from breeding siblings. At the time I didn’t know much about buying bunny breeds so I did some research to help out my girlfriend. If you are interested in acquiring a Lionhead, this guide should help you.

Finding the right place to buy your bunny

Breeders are the best places to get bunnies. However, you should be careful as everyone claiming to be a breeder isn’t one. Me friend had to learn this the hard way. Professional bunny breeders take pride in their work and don’t just breed rabbits for the money. To know whether a breeder is right for you, simply ask questions about their business. For example, how long they’ve been in business breeding Lionheads.

You should also ask about the Lionhead kit’s parents. Consider questions about lineage, diseases and, temperament. Breeders with no clue about this should be avoided.

Some breeders will charge a premium price for their bunnies. If you prefer a less expensive bunny, you can check out the various shelters housing them. Bunnies found here might be a bit older and you might not know much about their history. However, it’s a great way of adopting a cute fluffy creature that doesn’t have a home.

Knowing the ideal age

Lionheads reach maturity at around 5 months. They are usually weaned at around 6 weeks when they can be separated from their mother. However, if you want a young bunny, ensure that it’s at least 8 weeks old, at this age, you can know that the bunny has been properly weaned and can eat and digest food easily.


Lionheads, like other bunnies are prone to developing serious diseases which can lead to death. Two of these are myxomatosis and viral haemorrhagic disease.

Myxomatosis is characterized by swelling and inflammation in the eyes, genital area, anus and face. This disease is caused by a virus and has no cure. Unvaccinated bunnies become infected if they are bitten by an infected flea. 12 days is the average time it takes for death to occur.

Viral haemorrhagic disease is also caused by a virus. Infected animals show symptoms such as bleeding from the nose, low appetite and fever. Some bunnies won’t show such symptoms and simply die without their owners knowing why. The virus is spread through direct contact between an unvaccinated bunny with an infected one.

When acquiring your Lionhead, ask whether it has been vaccinated against these diseases. If not, you should get the bunny vaccinated if you buy it. The vaccines for myxomatosis and viral haemorrhagic disease are given at around 6 and 5 weeks after birth respectively.

Published April 2nd, 2015 by

Throughout my life, I have experienced pain in the shoulders during different occasions. Most of the time, the pain was due to injury or tense muscles. However, being one of the joints that experience the most motion throughout the day, the shoulders can experience pain caused by different factors. Some of the common reasons people experience pain in the shoulder area include the following.

Injury and trauma

Injury and trauma in the shoulder blade is quite common. This can result from direct trauma on the shoulder joint or, injury that results from using the arms. Shoulder injuries are quite common in athletes participating in contact sports such as football and wrestling. They can also occur in individuals working in menial jobs.

Trauma to the shoulder joint can cause shoulder subluxation which can result in extreme shoulder pain. This condition results when the head of the humerus slips out of the glenoid cavity either forward, backward or, downward. It’s a partial dislocation and can be corrected easily.

Muscle soreness

Sore muscles are another cause of shoulder pain. Muscles soreness can be the result of overuse, injury or stress. The shoulder joint allows for the most movements in the body. As a result, muscles attached to this joint are more susceptible to soreness due to overuse with time. One of the symptoms associated with stress is tense and sore muscles. Massage often helps to relieve the tension.

Frozen shoulder

This condition is characterized by the thickening and inflammation of the capsule surrounding the shoulder joint. As a result, pain from the inflammation and stiffness resulting from the thickened capsule. There is no known reason as to why the capsule thickens and, the condition usually develops over time and, can actually go away by itself. Some of the conditions believed to increase risk of developing the condition include diabetes, heart conditions and injury to the shoulder.

Herniated disk

This condition occurs when the disks separating and supporting the vertebrae slips. This leaves the vertebrae exposed and, they can rub against each other. The result is inflammation and pain in the affected area. A herniated disk in the neck area can result in pain in shoulder blades and arms.


This is a condition that affects the tendons that connect muscles to bones. This condition is characterized by inflammation and irritation of the tendons. If it affects the muscles connected to the shoulder, the result can be pain between shoulder blades.

Acromioclavicular joint disorders

Besides the shoulder joint, problems in the acromioclavicular joint which is just above the shoulder and connects to the collar bone can also cause shoulder pain. Some of the disorders associated with this joint include partial or complete dislocation and tearing of the ligaments in the joint.


This condition occurs when there’s inflammation of the joints. It can occur in any place where bone joints are present including the shoulder joint.

How is pain in shoulder area treated?

Treatment of pain in the shoulder area usually depends on the cause of the pain. However, using painkillers and alternative methods such as heat-cold treatment and, massage can help relieve the pain alongside treating the underlying cause.

Published December 31st, 2013 by

how to get over someone

I have a friend who has been in and out of a romantic relationship with the same guy for well over three years now. Last week, she invited me to lunch and a chat. During lunch, she seemed overexcited as she explained the reason for our meeting. “I finally managed to get over Chris. I now know that it’s finally over and am I glad!” she said ecstatically. She went on to explain that she had attended a seminar whose topic was how to get over someone.

The speaker had informed the attendants that why most people never get over someone even after separation is that they lack the motivation to move on. This way, they find themselves in and out of the same relationship without moving on. My friend had found the motivation to get over her controlling boyfriend and move on. But where can you get the motivation to get over someone?


You are the first source of motivation to get over someone. It takes a lot of strength to find motivation within yourself especially if you are in a romantic relationship that you want to get out of. In this case, you believe that your partner is the “one” and your destinies are linked. However, if you can be able to look at yourself as a unique individual with a unique destiny, it’s quite easy to motivate yourself to get over someone and move on.

You can start by thinking about what you want in life. What kind of relationship do you want and does your partner make such a relationship possible? When you start thinking about your goals, your focus will slowly drift from your broken relationship towards achieving what you desire.

Family and friends

Family and friends are a source of unconditional love. They are our emotional support system and will very likely want to motivate and help you out when you’re going through a breakup. If you need some motivation during some trying times, visit your family and spend some time with friends.

The key to finding motivation from your family and friends is avoiding discussions about your broken relationship. It will simply stress you out. Talk about positive stuff, remember the good old times, do stuff you did before but couldn’t find time to do because of your ended relationship.

New experiences

Breakup might be the end of a relationship, but if you look at it positively, it’s actually the beginning for new experiences. You might have favored your previous relationship over new experiences and meeting new people. For example, you couldn’t find the time to go watch a movie because your boyfriend preferred you rent a movie and watch indoors. Now is your chance to go out and watch that movie.


If you’re fond of pets, you can get one. Unlike humans, pets are driven by pleasing their masters. They usually don’t want much in return expect some affection, grooming and feeding. Taking care of your pet and bonding will help you draw your focus away from someone you depended on to something that really depends on you.

Published January 6th, 2015 by

The arm is one of the fairly exposed parts of the body. It’s therefore prone to injury especially due to its mobile nature. Connecting the arms and upper body are the armpits. Unlike the arms, armpits are usually hidden. Although not prone to injury, armpits can be quite itchy. There are many different reasons why your arm might ache or armpits itch. I will discuss some of these.

Causes of pain in right arm

In most cases, pain in the right arm might result from an injury. However, there are instances where the pain might be referred from a different organ. Pain in the right arm might be a symptom of heart attack. In such instances, rather than feel pain in the chest area, pain moves through the shoulder and down the arm.

Another cause for pain in the arm can be tendinitis. This is a condition that results from overuse of the tendons present in joints. Tennis elbow is a form of tendinitis.

Osteoarthritis can also cause arm pain. This is a condition in which the bone structure erodes making the bone weak. This condition is usually associated with old age.

Straining the shoulder and arm muscles can also cause arm pain. In cases where you have tense muscles, the pain might travel down your shoulders to the lower arms.

Causes of itching in armpits

One of the most common causes of itchy armpits is poor hygiene. The body’s secretions, dirt and sweat need to be washed off regularly in order to maintain proper skin pH. One of the areas of the skin that produces a lot of sweat is the armpit. The skin is also home to bacteria which are usually eliminated through washing. If left unchecked, the bacteria multiply and coupled with the dirt, secretions and sweat present in the armpits can cause an itchy rash.

Excessive sweating is another common cause for itchy armpits. Sweat alters the body’s pH and in the presence of bacteria, this can cause chemical reaction which can result in irritation of the skin.

Overgrowth of the Candida fungus around the armpits can also cause itchiness in this area. This fungus inhabits the skin along with other bacteria. However, there are instances where the fungus might overgrow and its main target areas are those which aren’t mostly exposed to sunlight. Health conditions such as immunodeficiency diseases, hormonal disorders and hot humid conditions.

Dermatitis can also cause of itchy armpits. This is a condition whose symptoms include redness and inflammation under the arms. It’s also most prevalent in warm and humid areas such as the armpits.

Miliaria rubra is a condition that is prevalent when skin is exposed to hot and humid conditions such as those found under the armpits. It is characterized by blockage of sweat glands causing itchiness. Exposure to chemicals found in deodorants can also cause this condition.

Cysts commonly known as hidradentis suppuravita can also form under the armpits causing itchiness. These from after the ducts responsible for the secretion of sweat become blocked and infected. As a result inflammation and accumulation of pus in the ducts occurs causing an itchy rash.

Published December 16th, 2014 by

Majority of people have had to deal with acne at a time in their life. I remember the breakouts I had during my teen years. Although not physically painful, they caused psychological pain as many of my colleagues avoided me like a plague. Apparently they thought that they could get breakouts by touching me. But that’s some years back and luckily I haven’t had recurrent breakouts.

Unfortunately, the case isn’t the same for one of my friends. Apparently, she has oily skin and is prone to breakouts now and then. She has managed to keep them under control but the zits seem adamant to make her skin their home. I’ll look at the different types of acne and effective home remedies for each.

Acne develops when sebum and dead skin cells accumulate in skin pores blocking them. This provides a perfect environment for acne causing bacteria to thrive and multiply. There are two broad categories of acne, non-inflammatory and inflammatory.

Non-inflammatory acne

White heads are one type of non inflammatory acne that forms when sebum, dead skin cells and bacteria clog the hair follicle. They aren’t painful and are usually invisible to the naked eye.

Blackheads form in a similar way as white heads. The main difference is that the skin at the spot where the acne forms breaks leaving the sebum exposed. Oxidation takes place leaving tiny black spots on the skins surface.

Some of the effective home remedies for non inflammatory acne include the following. Baking soda has exfoliant, anti inflammatory and antiseptic properties. Applied on acne, it helps open up the pores and kill bacteria. It also helps regulate the skin’s pH thus promote normal sebum production.

Lemon juice has exfoliating propertied which help clear clogged pores. Mixed with honey, it promotes fast healing of acne. Care should be taken using lemon juice as its acidic properties can cause the skin to dry out.

Salicylic acid peel is another effective acne treatment method. It works for both non inflammatory and inflammatory acne. The peel contains exfoliant properties which open up clogged skin pores. It also contains oils which help prevent clumping of dead skin cells as well as maintain a balance in sebum production.

Inflammatory acne

Inflammatory acne develops when non inflammatory acne fails to heal and instead causes rupture of the follicle walls spilling sebum and bacteria into the skin. The result is inflammation which one of the body’s defense mechanisms.

Papules form when the follicular walls rupture spilling bacteria and sebum into the skin. Several days without treatment results in the development of pustules which have a whitish spot at the center.

If pustules aren’t treated, they can burst resulting in cystic acne. Severe inflammation and pus filled lesions are the common symptoms. The pustule might not burst but rather cause collapse of the follicle walls deep in the skins surface. This causes nodular acne.

Some of the home remedies for treating inflammatory acne include the following. Aloe vera sap contains antiseptic, anti inflammatory and is rich in nutrients. Applied on the affected area, it will help reduce inflammation and kill bacteria. Aloe vera also helps restore the skins pH and promote normal sebum production.

Published November 19th, 2014 by

While out shopping with one of my friends – she’s pregnant she seemed a little down. On inquiring why she was blunt and straightforward. “Haven’t you noticed I’m always wearing these turtle necks even when the sun is blistering hot!” she asked curtly. I couldn’t say that I hadn’t noticed since she always loved wearing tops that showed her curvy body. The confession caught me off guard and I was tongue tied. Noticing this she went on. “God! This pregnancy is turning my body into a zebras! I’ve stretch marks every inch of my body.” She said on a lighter note. I knew that she didn’t have stretch marks over her whole body but could tell that she had them around the upper arms and breasts since she took much effort covering these areas.

I wondered if there could be a magic formula that could help her get rid of the stretch marks on breasts and other body parts. Upon conducting a short research, I found the following tips.

The first step to take on how to remove stretch marks that appear on breasts is to give the skin what it needs naturally. Being the largest organ, the skin needs specific nutrients and enough fluids to remain healthy. In addition, the skin is super active as far as healing fast is concerned. This is seen in the billions of cells shed and replaced each day.

Taking plenty of water daily ensures that the skin remains flexible and less vulnerable to stretch marks. In addition, eating foods rich in vitamins, A, B complex, C and E help in maintaining proper skin development. Minerals such as zinc also help promote healthy production of skin oils which play a huge role in stretch mark removal and prevention.

The second step to take in breast stretch mark removal is exercise. Stretch marks occur when the body grows at a rate that the skin can’t keep up with. Although exercise isn’t a proven way of removing stretch marks, burning fat that lies under the skin and keeping muscles lean can help prevent development of stretch marks. Note that the exercises aren’t targeted at increasing body mass which would of course contribute to stretch marks development. Some useful exercises include push ups and aerobics.

The third step in removing stretch marks in breasts is the use of creams and gels. There are many stretch marks removal products available today. Some of these are quite effective in helping scars fade. Some of the best products to use contain ingredients such as vitamin E and natural extracts such as cocoa butter and aloe vera. Majority of these products work by promoting the skins ability to heal itself. That is, they create a conducive environment that’s best for skin rejuvenation.

These three steps have been used by countless pregnant women to effectively remove stretch marks that appear on breasts. Note that the stretch marks might not completely fade but, you can expect to see some changes after a couple of weeks. These strategies aim at preventing further development of stretch marks as well as fading the already existent scars.

Published September 12th, 2014 by

I personally think that tanned skin looks great. However, I wouldn’t recommend staying in the sun for extended period of time. The reason for this is that I have had friends spend two or more painful weeks of dealing with sunburn. See, rather than a tan, they ended up with sunburn of the second degree. From their explanation, their skin felt like it was constantly on fire and needed cooling. Most of them know better now about applying sunscreen when going out in the sun for extended periods.

Exposure to the sun for extended periods can result in either second degree or first degree sunburn. The former is more severe and, I’ll discuss the condition a little more.

What is second degree sunburn?

This form of sunburn is more severe than first degree sunburn. The reason for this is that the burns occur a little bit deeper under the skins surface.

How does sunburn of the second degree occur?

This form of sunburn occurs when the suns UV rays damage skin cells and molecules as well as the DNAs structure. Such damage causes dilation of blood vessels just under the skin which triggers inflammation of skin tissue.

What are the symptoms?

Some of the symptoms associated with this form of sunburn include:

  • Itchiness
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Blisters appearing on skin surface
  • Chills and fever might occur in severe cases

Who is at risk?

People with fair skin are the most vulnerable to sunburn of the second degree. However, some factors also contribute to whether you’re likely to suffer from sunburn or not. They include the following.

First, how long are you exposed to the suns rays? Activities such as sunbathing and camping expose you to the suns rays for extended periods. This increases chances of getting sunburn.

Second, are parts of your body exposed to the suns rays? Direct exposure of the skin to the suns rays is the main cause of sunburn. Some of the body parts at most risk include the face, shoulders and arms.

Third, have you protected the exposed parts of your skin? One of the best ways of protecting the skin against sunburn is applying sunscreen. You can also wear a broad hat to protect the face and shoulders.

How long does sunburn of the second degree take to heal?

It typically takes between 2 and 3 weeks for this form of sunburn to heal completely. During the healing process, the skin might shed since the cells have already been killed by the suns UV rays. However, you might need to take measures to provide relief for some of the symptoms associated while the skin heals. Some of the common methods of alleviating the symptoms include the following.

Painkillers such as aspirin and ibuprofen can be prescribed to help relieve the pain and inflammation. Aspirin shouldn’t be used by persons under the age of 18 years.

Another common remedy is vinegar for sunburn. Vinegar has both antiseptic and antibiotic properties. It can sting if applied on open blisters and its advisable to dilute in it a 1:1 ratio with water before applying on the affected area. Besides relieving pain and preventing infection, vinegar also helps to dry out the blisters promoting fast healing.

Published August 28th, 2014 by

Anxiety is part of every human beings life. I remember being anxious before exams and job interviews. Most of the time, the anxiety symptoms came and went away after I took the exam or during the interviewing process. This is quite normal for most people.

I do however have a childhood friend whose case is quite different. He seemed anxious about anything and had several bouts of panic attacks while in school. Even minor things such as walking through crowded hallways made him nervous. As a result, he had to attend counseling sessions and take supplements for anxiety regularly, like the ones mention by experts at He seems okay now that he’s grown older and understands his condition better. We caught up the other day and shared some info on anxiety.

What’s anxiety?

This is a condition where the individual feels tense, nervous and fearful. The feeling can have an underlying reason or not. They symptoms might come and go suddenly or, last for even days.

When a person is anxious, the body releases certain chemicals such as adrenaline. Although beneficial in some cases such as when anticipating an upcoming race, long term release of these chemicals in the bloodstream can have detrimental effects on health.

How does it occur?

As the chemicals are released into the bloodstream, vital organs such as the heart and lungs are forced to work harder. This is in a bid of ensuring that adrenaline is supplied to different muscles in the body. In addition, the body is trying to get a good supply of oxygen while getting rid of carbon dioxide fast.

What are the symptoms?

Some of the symptoms associated with anxiety include the following. The patient will experience shortness of breath as the lungs work harder to get oxygen to the blood. Increased heart rate which can be accompanied by anxiety chest pain can also occur as the heart works harder to supply blood to the other organs and muscles. The patient will also have difficulty concentrating and difficulty sleeping. Other symptoms include rise in body temperature, irritability and in extreme cases fatigue.

Types of anxiety disorders

There are a number of anxiety disorders. These are categorized according to the symptoms, how long the symptoms last and the causing agent. They include the following. Generalized anxiety disorder is common among adults. It’s usually associated with daily stressors such as work and family and, its symptoms usually persist for long. Panic disorder is another common anxiety disorder where patients get recurring panic attacks. In most cases, the agent causing the attack isn’t apparent even to the patient. Social anxiety disorder is characterized by the patient being anxious about what other people think about them. The patient will usually avoid social situations or if in social places, will seem nervous and withdrawn. Other categories include agoraphobia, post traumatic stress disorder, and acute reaction to stress.


There is no cure for anxiety. However, there are different treatment methods including prescription drugs, anxiety supplements, herbs, exercise and counseling. For people with recurring anxiety, it’s advisable to consult a health practitioner and get the necessary treatment.

Published June 7th, 2014 by

I first heard about kidney stones from my father. I overheard him informing my mum that one of his work colleagues and good friends had developed kidney stones and wouldn’t be going to work for a couple of weeks until the stones passed. I was too young then to consider researching kidney stones but thought of what do kidney stones feel like did pass my mind.

I have heard about kidney stones while growing up but it wasn’t until last week when a friend of mine got affected. Although a young fellow, he had been affected by a condition I thought affected persons well beyond their thirties. He’s doing ok now but, I know those stones can be painful if they grow large enough.

Besides using over the counter medication, people with kidney stones are usually advised to try out home remedies for kidney stones. Even doctors recommend some home remedies which can help their patients recover faster. I did some research on these home remedies and found the following.

What are home remedies?

Home remedies can be described as any food, drink or topical product found in the home that can be used to provide relief or treat kidney stones. You don’t require a doctor’s prescription to access these remedies.

Are they safe?

Kidney stone home remedies are safe. They are actually products you include in your diet. However, to be more effective in treating kidney stones, they are taken more often than usual to achieve the desired effect. However, this doesn’t mean that you take too much of a specific home remedy since there can be side effects including allergic reactions.

How do they work?

Kidney stone home remedies work in different ways to provide relief. They include the following.

Some home remedies work by diluting existing stones and preventing formation of new stones by keeping urine saturated. A good example is water which helps to keep minerals in urine and blood diluted.

Another group of kidney stone home remedies work by acting as tonics. These provide pain relief especially if the kidney stone is large and has blocked the ureter. Some of the common home remedies that act as tonics include kidney beans and olive oil.

Some home remedies work by neutralizing specific minerals and thus preventing the accumulation of the said minerals in urine. Some of the notorious minerals that cause kidney stones include calcium and uric acid. Foods that contain minerals such as potassium and magnesium help to regulate levels of kidney stone causing minerals. In addition, people with kidney stones are also advised to eat foods that contain kidney stone causing minerals sparingly as a treatment measure.

Some foods act as natural diuretics prompting more urine formation. This act in itself helps the patient to pass the stone as well as promotes intake of fluids to replace water lost in urine. The stinging nettle is one of the popular diuretics.

Kidney stones home remedies are a great way of providing relief and treatment. Considered safe, they are also a great way of ensuring that kidney stones don’t recur in the future.

Published May 1st, 2014 by

I have been a dog owner for the past 13 years. During this time I have owned well over 5 dogs and they have come to teach me a lot about their habits. Besides being loyal and obedient if well treated, I have come to discover that they have interesting eating habits. My first dogs were usually fed on raw or boiled meat. My ignorance made me believe that they were complete carnivores like their wild cousins. When dog food came into the market, it was a relief for me since all I had to do is dispense the food from the packaging. Years later I have come to discover that besides dog food, dogs can also benefit from some of the “people food”. Here are two foods that I feed my dogs.


A month ago while taking one of my puppies for vaccination a fellow pet owner happened to ask me can dogs eat bananas? Frankly, I had no idea and I guess the pet owner read this on my face and didn’t prod any further. I made a point of asking my vet the same question and he agreed that dogs can eat bananas and other people food including berries, chocolate, vegetables and fish oil.

Like in humans, bananas have several health benefits in dogs. First, they are rich in potassium which is great for the nervous system. These fruits are also rich in vitamins which help to boost the dog’s immune system. A natural antacid, bananas are great for dogs with digestive tract problems such as ulcers and colon spasms.

To serve bananas, cut the fruit into small pieces and mix it with dog food. You can also mash it and mix it with milk. One reason why this is recommended is that dogs won’t naturally eat whole fruits. In addition, it’s recommended that you feed bananas sparingly as large amounts can cause diarrhea in your pet. In addition, it can lead to excess buildup of potassium in your pet’s bloodstream with mild to serious side effects.

Fish oil

Fish oil has for decades been used by humans for many reasons. It contains a variety of essential fats all of which contribute to overall health. These fats include omega-3, DHA and EPA. Veterinary doctors have also found that fish oil for dogs can be beneficial for your pet.

Some of the benefits associated with fish oil for dogs include anti inflammatory effects. These are especially beneficial for dogs suffering from health conditions such as arthritis which can be extremely painful. The essential fatty acids found in fish oil also help boost the immune system allowing your pet to resist and recover from disease easily.

When feeding your dog on fish oil, its worth keeping in mind that the daily dosage will differ depending on the age, type and size of the dog. In addition, if you intend to feed your dog with fish oil for humans, consult your vet to get the proper dosage. Studies show that excess amounts of fatty acids in the dog can alter its immune system and that’s why the giving proper dosage is highly recommended.

Published February 20th, 2014 by

I first came across bunions when a relative complained of a painful blister at her big toe joint. She was working the corporate world and her dress code included stylish high heeled shoes. At first, I thought the condition was normal since blisters can result from tight fitting shoes. However, the condition got worse that she had to seek medical attention. Luckily, she got the right advice in time and can now walk comfortably.

A bunion is a bone deformity that affects the joint between the big toe and the first metatarsal. Its main sign is the big toe pointing towards the other toe resulting in a bump at the joint between the two bones. Persons with this deformity experience swelling and even pain at the affected area. Blisters may also form at the joint.

What causes bunions?

Medical practitioners agree that bunions are caused when pressure is continuously applied on the big toe and first metatarsal. This causes the attaching ligaments to overstretch forcing the joint outwards and the tip of the big toe inwards. The main cause is wearing tight fitting shoes. Researchers also attribute bunions to genetics. Inherited conditions such as flat feet and abnormal bone structure have been believed to cause this condition. Although no supporting evidence exists to support these claims, people with these conditions and wearing ill fitting shoes are at higher risk. Diseases affecting the nerves and joints can also put people at a higher risk.

Who is affected?

Anyone can be affected by bunions. However, studies show that women contribute the majority of persons suffering from the condition. Children are also at risk of developing the condition.

Can bunions be prevented?

Since the main cause is wearing ill fitting shoes, bunions can be prevented. However, if the condition is already underway, the best you can do is apply preventive measures which will prevent it from becoming severe. The best way therefore is by making an informed choice when buying shoes.

The best shoes for bunions prevention

The following are the characteristics of shoes that lower risk of developing bunions.

First, the shoes should be wide enough at the front. When trying out a new shoe, ensure that it isn’t tight at the front and doesn’t force your toes together. The shoe should also have enough space allowing the toes to move freely. Avoid buying new shoes during morning hours. The reason for this is that the foot isn’t at its maximum size. The foot actually enlarges during the day and a shoe that was well fitting during morning hours might feel tight by evening.

Second, wear shoes with a flat sole. High heeled shoes have been found to contribute to development of bunions. The reason for this is that the heel forces the body’s weight onto the toe area. As such, the toes are forced into the tight space at the front of the shoe.

Third, use custom orthotics in your shoes. The reason why “custom” is emphasized here is that both feet aren’t exactly the same structurally. The orthotics will help maintain balance within the foot relieving the toes off too much pressure.

Published January 5th, 2014 by

Growing up, I noticed that winter usually comes along with infections such as the flu. I simply assumed that all conditions whose symptoms included a cough were flu and colds. However, the past winter shed more light on lung conditions which seem to come around when the cold season sets in. such conditions were mild but there were severe cases where colleagues had to be rushed to hospital. Bronchitis is one such illness. Since some of the people I know have suffered from this condition I’ve done some research and found the following facts.

What is bronchitis?

Bronchitis is a lung infection that affects the main airways connecting the trachea and the lungs. These airways are commonly known as bronchi. The infection usually causes irritation and inflammation. The infection is usually caused by viruses (90%) and bacteria (10%). This infection prompts an immune reaction where the body’s white blood cells cause inflammation. The bronchi thus become very sensitive to pollutants such as smoke and chemicals. The most common symptom is a cough.

Types of bronchitis

There are two types of bronchitis. The first is acute bronchitis which is characterized by a cough that doesn’t last more than three weeks. The cough might persist even when other symptoms like fever have subsided. The second type is chronic bronchitis. It’s more severe and the patient experiences a persistent cough that last over three months (during winter).

Symptoms of bronchitis

Common symptoms include coughing, wheezing, fever, shortness of breath, production of sputum. On severe cases of chronic bronchitis, the patient might expel sputum with spots of blood.

Is bronchitis curable?

In most cases, acute bronchitis comes and goes by itself. However, there is no known cure. Patients therefore have to find ways of treating and managing the condition until symptoms subside. Treatment usually involves administration of remedies which target a specific symptom. For example, inhaled corticosteroids are used to reduce inflammation of the bronchi while, non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs are used to treat sore throat and fever.

Acute bronchitis is simpler to treat and manage using bronchitis remedies like the ones describe by experts at These can even be found at home. Some home remedies include eucalyptus oil, a mixture of raw honey and cinnamon, garlic and, oregano oil. These natural extracts help reduce inflammation and decongest the lungs.

Chronic bronchitis on the other hand is harder to manage and treat. It doesn’t have a cure and patients usually need to seek medical help to slow own the lowered lung function caused by the infection. If left untreated, it can lead to pneumonia.

Bronchitis vs pneumonia

People with a lung infection usually undergo different tests to determine which specific infection it is. In particular, bronchitis and pneumonia have similar symptoms including; coughing that can produce phlegm, fever and difficulty breathing. In addition, they are caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi. There are however difference between these two lung infections including the following.

Bronchitis is the infection of bronchi while pneumonia results when lung tissue become infected causing them to swell and become inflamed. There are two types of bronchitis. Another difference is that pneumonia is easily treatable with antibiotics but can be fatal if untreated. Bronchitis on the other hand requires treatment of individual symptoms and can be difficult to treat in the case of chronic bronchitis.

Published July 11th, 2013 by

Photography is one of the exciting careers available today. Demand for professional photographers is on the rise. This demand has been driven by the emergence of digital media, new magazines and publications and, social events. Photography entails a blend of creativity, imagination, continuous learning and an entrepreneurial spirit. The fact is, despite there being demand for photographers, majority work as freelancers and, the competition is stiff. If you wish to become a photographer here are some tips.

Decide on the field of photography

There are a number of fields of photography you can specialize in. they include photojournalism, portrait photography, scientific photography, fine art photography and, commercial and industrial photography. Photojournalists usually work with print media. Portrait photographers take photographs of live subjects such as families. Scientific photographers work in scientific fields capturing images of science and medical oriented subjects. Fine art photographers usually capture images for sale in find arts galleries and competitions. Commercial and industrial photographers capture images for use in media such as advertisements, catalogues and brochures.

The reason why selecting one or two fields is that the top photographers make it in fields they enjoy working in.
Read More How to Become a Photographer

Published August 8th, 2013 by

A friend of mine called a while ago telling me his wife has a condition called dysgeusia. It’s a condition wherein apparently, she has metal taste in mouth. I was told that it’s common during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester. My sister had a salty taste in mouth a year ago, so that got me thinking if it had a relation. It intrigued me so I researched on the web.

Dysgeusia is an impairment or dysfunction of taste buds. It manifests itself as a metallic taste and it’s normally diagnosed in pregnant women because of their overactive hormones. Besides pregnancy, there are other possible causes such as inflammation of the gums, smoking, vitamin and mineral deficiency, Bell’s Palsy, brain tumor, or even depression. I suggest that if you’re not pregnant and you have a metallic taste in your mouth, you should consult your doctor as soon as possible to undergo tests to eliminate causes especially the more fatal ones. The possible tests that can conclude your condition are MRI, CT scans, saliva flow rate and blood tests. It’s safer to catch diseases at an earlier time to prevent it from worsening. Make sure you get a dentist and a good otolaryngologist or an ENT.

However, my sister’s condition of salty mouth was caused by dehydration. It began when she took losing weight seriously, but she keeps forgetting to hydrate. She goes to the gym five times a week for about 3-4 hours. She spends an hour or so for cardio and the rest for weight lifting and mat exercises. I don’t know how she lasts for 3-4 hours without proper hydration. When at home, she dislikes drinking water and favors carbonated drinks, iced teas and powdered juices.  Other possible common causes include post-nasal drip because of allergy and infection of the sinus, smoking, nutritional deficiencies and bacterial infection of the salivary glands. More serious causes are autoimmune disease like Sjogren´s syndrome, endocrine disorders, neurological disorders, such as epilepsy or migraine, MS and even mild strokes. It can be a side effect of taking certain medicines such as anti-thyroid medications and chemotherapy drugs. It can even be a phantom taste so I suggest we eliminate most of the possible causes to have an idea what to do next. It’s going to be costly, but it’s worth it since it will give you peace of mind.

Studies showed that smoking, gum diseases and post-nasal drips are the leading causes of salty mouth as they greatly increase the rate of salivary gland infections. Whenever you get a salty mouth, try to drink or gargle water to eliminate common possible causes. Assess first the reasons behind it and consult your doctor. Tell him all about your medical history and your routines to properly assess your condition. Treatment will be determined upon knowing the underlying causes behind it. You can also have your teeth and gums checked by a dentist. Have a regular oral prophylaxis to eliminate the causes of gum and teeth related diseases. You also have to drink lots of water to be properly hydrated.

Published September 5th, 2013 by

Scabs on scalp and dry scalps are especially awkward when people notice it. People seem to think that they’re contagious because it looks raggedy or dirty. Remember that scabs and scabies are of different nature since scabs form to seal a wound while scabies are itchy because of mites.

Scabs are usually red or dark brown patches protruding on skin. Basically, it’s our body’s way to heal as they serve us well when they seal our wounds, blocking out foreign objects and bacteria as our body repairs skin cells and blood vessels on the scalp. Once the repairs are made, the scabs automatically fall off.


Scabs normally form when you have shingles, psoriasis, eczema or when you scratch your head excessively. To prevent having scabs, initially, you must handle the main condition since scabs just form because of them.

Moreover, there are so many dry scalp remedies and treatments naturally and chemically. Natural home remedies include tea tree oil, olive oil, apple cider vinegar, coconut virgin oil and lemon juice. Tea tree oil, virgin coconut oil and olive oil are extremely effective for dry scalp and dandruffs as it’s widely used for healing and treating many skin problems. It enhances your immune system to battle the agent that’s causing dry scalp.   Simply combine warm water with 10 drops of oil and apply it to the affected area. Wait for a couple of minutes to absorb the solution, gently massage your scalp, then rinse and shampoo your hair.

Apple cider vinegar and lemon however, works as a natural conditioner for the scalp. It also reduces inflammation of the scalp because it has anti-bacterial properties. Just mix 2 spoonful of apple cider vinegar or lemon with a cup of warm water. Apply it on the affected area and let it stay for a couple of minutes. Rinse it off and then wash your hair with shampoo.

Steroid creams and tar shampoos are an example of chemical remedies. You can buy them in any drugstores in the country. Steroid creams are applied thinly to the affected area two times a day until the scabs come down. Make sure the affected area is clean and dry before starting treatment. Meanwhile, tar shampoos are used as regular shampoos.   Just wet your hair and apply shampoo. Leave it on for 10-15 minutes, then rinse with warm water.

Bear in mind that using hair dryer too much may also contribute to dry scalps. I suggest you moisturize your hair often to prevent it from drying. Avoid using chemically strong fragrant shampoos, as they tend to irritate scalps. You can try using gentle ones like baby shampoos if you’re prone to getting scabs and dry scalps. You can also buy a humidifier to have more moisture at home.

Remember that scabs and dry scalps aren’t contagious and also a common scalp condition. You don’t have to panic or be reluctant when you get these conditions because we have many available and effective treatments on the market. Make sure you go to a reputable dermatologist and consult your condition. It’s better to be safe than sorry.

Published September 26th, 2013 by

I have always been fascinated by Cory catfish, like these here. There are over 140 species and some haven’t been documented yet. These catfish genus come in countless blends of colors and are highly valued as pets. They are usually imported from the tropical waters of South America. However, you can find Corys that are farmed locally.

Before looking into the popular Cory species for aquariums, I’d like to state the criteria used in creating this list. Firstly, the size of the Cory plays a huge role. Most of the popular species are mid sized. Catching these doesn’t require catfish bait since they average between 5 and 6 centimeters, but you can find more about their baits at The second is availability. Many people prefer Corys that are easily available since they are less expensive. There are however Cory lovers who wouldn’t mind paying extra for an imported species. The third criteria is the Corys breeding and reproductive habits. Fish that are easy to breed are most preferred. Finally, color blends also play a huge role. Most people love Corys that have striking colors and patterns. Now here’s the top list.

Julii Cory

Although quite popular, this Cory isn’t an easy find in most pet shops. Many buyers actually take home the Trilineatus Cory instead of the Julii. This Cory is indigenous to the lower Amazon and has a distinct gray body covered with black spots. This similarity with the Trilineatus is what confuses many. The main difference between these two Corys is that the Julii has distinct dark spots on the head. The Trilineatus on the other hand does have spots but they tend to join up into linear patterns on the head.

This fish prefers living in schools and a group of more than three is preferable. In the aquarium, it cohabits easily with small catfish, Cichlids and Danios. They are bottom feeders and will eat any sinking fish food. It’s recommended to have a separate breeding tank as these Corys can eat their eggs given the opportunity.

Bronze Cory

This Cory also comes in color variations of green, black and albino. It’s native to Argentina, Columbia and Peru. Owners particularly love them for their color variations and active nature. Being omnivorous, they will feed on almost anything presented to them. Like other Corys, they like to live in schools and a group of six or more will do. Peaceful smaller fish make great companions in the aquarium.

Skunk Cory

This Cory is native to Brazil, Peru, Ecuador and Columbia. As the name suggests, this Cory has distinct black stripes that run from the mouth, across the eyes to the back. Its body is usually creamy-white. Some individuals can also spot a gold tone. One of their unique features is their ability to draw oxygen directly from air. For most owners, this is a sign that the aquarium is oxygen deprived. A school of six or more mixed with peaceful small fish usually works in an aquarium. After spawning, it’s recommended to separate parents from the spawns as they can eat up the eggs and frys.


Published October 21st, 2013 by

Man is a social creature. We all want to associate with others and be appreciated. As time goes by, we want to be part of a select grouping. We make and break relationships out of what we believe will be best for us. We are especially cautious when selecting our partners. We’ll want to find the personality that we can tolerate for the rest of our lives. In short, our makeup is such that we are judges of personality when it comes to relationships. Every individual has their own unique personality. However, certain personalities are more or less alike and can be grouped together. Examples are the infj and enfj personalities which I’ll look at on the basis of their suitability as partners.

Infj relationships

The infj personality is a perfectionist. They tend to seek out the perfect relationship although few actually find it. As such, they will move from one relationship to another although their main goal is achieving meaningful long term relationships. This personality will easily enter into a new relationship after breakup if they believe that their previous relationship just wasn’t meant to be. To make a relationship meaningful, the infj is warm, sensitive and caring towards their partners.

When it comes to communication, they are excellent communicators and listeners. The infj will make it clear what they expect out of the relationship but, will also listen to their partners contribution. This personality will easily detect their partner’s thoughts and emotions and act accordingly.

Intimacy is highly valued by the infj. To them, it’s not just about the physical experience. It also involves a spiritual connection and they will want to please their partners. However, the infj will want this reciprocated and appreciated.

Enfj relationships

The enfj personality is considered warm and affectionate towards their partner. They will take relationships quite seriously and dedicate a lot of energy towards making the relationship work. It’s common for an enfj to seek confirmation that their partners find the relationship satisfactory. If not, they will do all that is in their power to rectify whatever the partner doesn’t find satisfactory. Once committed, the enfj will be fiercely loyal and at times overprotective of their partners.

A highly optimistic and energetic bunch, enfjs will always bring out the best in their partners. They however don’t give themselves much credit and tend to blame themselves if something goes wrong or if the relationship fails. In case of breakup, enfjs will accept this fact and move on easily.

Enfj personalities will do anything to avoid conflict with their partners. In case of a confrontation, they might even be willing to give up on their values to come to a consensus. There are however instances where the enfj will give their values more priority over their partners opinion and wont waver in whatever way. They are however great communicators and will always want to know what their partner wants or feels.

As for intimacy, the enfj will want to please their partner. However, their nature of wanting to always know what their partner wants can make them predictable killing the buzz of any intimate encounter.